What happens to the brain when we will lose failures and how to turn it in our favor
Friedrich Nietzsche argued that what she did not kill us makes us stronger. There is some kind of truth in this: the failures that we have to survive, make us wiser and tolerable to other people’s misses. But it is true that the trouble does not come alone, and at one failure, as a rule, follow a few more. It turns out that black stripes have a biological explanation.
Why we are not lucky
Every time we win, our brain responds to it with testosterone and dopamine emissions. Over time, this signal begins to influence the work of the brain. In animals, more successful individuals, as a rule, become smarter, rustier, more confident, therefore, they are more predisposed to success in the future. Biologists call it the effect of the winner, and people have this effect in the same way.
Although the term "the effect of the loser" in science does not exist, in fact, it is manifested in a similar way. As opposed to Aphorism, Nietzsche is true and the following: What does not kill us make us weaker. In the course of one study How You Learn more from Success Thanfure. It was noticed that monkeys who failed to do something from the first attempts, and then mastered the desired skill, still showed the worst results than those who immediately managed.
Other Studies Enhancing Performance On The Scholastic Aptitude Test for Test-Anxious High School Students. showed that failures can weaken the concentration of attention and harm the results of future activities. So, students who inspired that the results of their work worse than others really demonstrated the weak learning of the material.
Finally, when we suffer fails once, with a new attempt to achieve the same goal, the likelihood that we will not succeed again. During one experiment Getting a Bigger Slice of the Pie. Effects on Eating and Emotion in Restrained and UnrestRained Eaters. A group of participants sitting on a diet fed the pizza, after which they were announced that they exceeded the daily calorie rate. Immediately after this, the participants in the experiment eaten a cookie by 50% more than those who did not adhere to the diet.
Allowed a mistake, we often make something wrong again and fasten our failures. This explains why there is usually a series of others.
How to break the chain of failure
The next time something goes not according to plan, try to stay from the following actions that do not let you move on.
1. Do not dwell on defeat
We always said that they learn on errors, so we think about them too carefully. However, some studies The Cognitive and Hedonic Costs of Dwelling On Achievement-Related Negative Experiences: Implications for Enduring Happy and Unhappiness. show that anxiety, anxiety and experiences due to failures – the main causes of working capacity disorders.
Distribution at failures interferes effectively solve problems. When you overwhelm the failed attempts once at once and regard them as personal tragedies, uncertainty develops in their abilities, stress is enhanced, involving involuntary reactive neural connections are fixed in the brain. As a result, the brain becomes more difficult to cope with the solution of tasks and control the emotional state.
Researchers believe that you can confirm your past failures, submitting how they decrease and disappear. You can also dilute the unpleasant memories of ridiculous and implausible details.
Once you have learned a lesson from failure, stop thinking about it. Try to keep optimism, because a positive attitude contributes to success in all spheres of life.
2. Do not grab about the first thing that will turn
When we don’t work out, a great temptation to smell a hand and say: "And not very much!»We immediately switch to another goal. But the fact is that successful people tend to have a plan in case of failure. This does not mean that they plan to lose. This means that they carefully think over the results of their achievements. When we do not have a plan, we usually choose the path of least resistance and light victories that only give us from what we really want.
Proved Goal Setting and Task Performance. , that in 90% of cases, clearly formulated ambitious targets lead to higher results than uncertain. Also installed How to Make Yourself Work Want To Make Yourself Work Want To. , that even answers to simple questions "where" and "when" increase the likelihood of task.
A spare plan in case of failure helps not to challenge the task in the event of difficulties.
3. Do not fighse yourself
The one who failed defeat does not want to survive this again, especially in the same area of activity. Because of this, we sometimes subconsciously give yourself installations like "do everything as it should, otherwise it turns out like last time". Psychologists call it the motivation of avoiding failures. However, as studies show, this type of motivation increases the alarm caused by the fear of possible failure. As a result, reduced performance.
Put positive goals and mark even little victories.
When you intend to achieve something, remember that understandable positive goals motivate better than vague and frightening. Mark even the most minor achievements. It prolongs the joy of victory and increases motivation. When we feel the proximity of success, our brain begins to work better. In one study, this phenomenon was named Effect of Magnifying Glass Objectives Success / Failure Feedback, ExpectAncies, And Approach / Avoidance Motivation: How Regulatory Focus Moderates Classic Relass. : The closer we are to the goal, the higher our motivation and productivity.
Measuring and noting its progress on the way to the desired, we will increase the positive effect of their achievements.
Of course, failures are inevitable. But from how you cope with them and move on, it depends, whether you will become a chronic loser or a person who once is not lucky.