What is a rotavirus infection and how to get rid of it

So doctors call an extremely infectious Rotavirus virus – Symptoms and Causes, which causes inflammation of the stomach, intestines and diarrhea.

Under the microscope, rotaviruses are similar to the wheel gear. For this similarity, they received their name: Rota from Latin – "Wheel".

Most often they attack children under 5 Rotavirus: Symptoms, Transmission, and Treatment . And do it very actively: rotaviruses are the most common cause of diarrhea in children around the world, and the number of deaths from rotavirus infection exceeds Rotavirus – Symptoms and Causes 200 thousand per year.

Adults can also get infected. But their disease proceeds much easier than the babies, with less pronounced symptoms.

What are the symptoms of rotavirus infection

As a rule, the virus makes itself felt within two days after infection.

The first symptoms are vomiting and a sharp rise in temperature, sometimes up to 40 and above. Because of such fever, rotavirus infection is sometimes called intestinal flu. But this is not entirely correct: Rotavirus has no attitude towards influenza viruses.

Next, other signs are attached:

  • Water diarrhea. It can appear within 3-8 days until the body can cope with infection.
  • Stomach.
  • Weakness.
  • Sometimes runny nose and throat pain.

When you need to urgently consult a doctor

Call the pediatrician or depending on the state of the child, call Rotavirus – Symptoms and Causes Smell, if:

  • Strong diarrhea continues more than a day.
  • There is frequent vomit.
  • The chair has a black color or in it there are streaked blood, pus.
  • The temperature exceeds 40. Or if elevated (even minimally) the temperature is observed in children under six months.
  • What is a rotavirus infection and how to get rid of it
  • You are watching signs of dehydration: crying without tears, rare urination or its absence, dry mouth, pale skin, spawned eyes, lethargy, extreme drowsiness.

Adults, albeit less susceptible to the "intestinal influenza", may also be seriously affected, primarily from dehydration. It is recommended to contact therapist as soon as possible with the following symptoms:

  • urination no day and longer; more than 48 hours lasts;
  • In the chair or vomit there is blood;
  • The temperature rises to 39.4 and more;
  • There are clear signs of dehydration: Strong thirst, dry mouth, weakness, dizziness.

How to treat rotavirus infection

Tablets from this infection No Rotavirus – Diagnosis and Treatment . Antibiotics and famous antiviral remedies powerless. Therefore, everything that the doctor will offer you is symptomatic and supportive treatment. That is, this, which will reduce the manifestation of the disease and will support the body in its independent struggle with the infection.

The most important thing is to prevent dehydration. This is the main recommendation that concerns both adults and children.

Due to vomiting, weakness and throat pain children often refuse to drink. Therefore, the task of parents is to convince and insist. Alternatively, offered What is Rotavirus child to suck ice cubes or ice chips. Drinks with ginger and pure carbonated water are also suitable.

But from apple juice, milk, sweet soda, drinks should be abandoned. They can aggravate diarrhea and eventually bring more harm than benefits.

During a rotavirus infection, taking antiquia preparations is not recommended.

If a child has a strong diarrhea delayed for a few days, ask the pediatrician to write you a means for oral rehydration. Often it is powder that is dissolved in water. It contains substances that help restore the water-salt balance and compensate for the massierements lost by the body.

Once again we repeat: if nothing helps, the child refuses to drink and you observe the symptoms of dehydration (they are listed above), call an ambulance. Such states may require intravenous injection fluid administration.

How to protect yourself from rotavirus infection

Rotavirus is present in the feces of the infected person, and appears in it a few days before the first symptoms and remains up to 10 days after their disappearance. If you want to wash your hands after a trip to the toilet, and then touch with the door handle, phone, handrail in public transport, toys, dishes, food, the virus will live Pediatric Infectious Disease: Part II, An Issee of Infectious Disease Clinics of North America on these subjects from a couple of hours up to several days.

For further distribution, it is necessary that the other person touches the same things, and then the unwashed fingers of the mouth (or, put, eaten the unwashed apple occupied by rotavirus). Actually, therefore, the "intestinal influenza" is called the disease of the unwashed hands, most often the virus is transmitted in non-compliance with hygienic standards.

There are only two ways to reduce the risk of infection with rotavirus.

1. Mix the hands more often

Carefully, for all the rules – must with soap and at least 15 seconds. If there is no soap and water near, use disinfectants for hands on alcohol basis.

And of course, do not drag unwashed products.

2. Make vaccination against rotavirus (Recommendation for babies)

In the our Federation used the vaccine-philaxcision of rotavirus infection in children oral vaccine. It does not require an injection, but is accepted in the form of droplets. To work out immunity, three doses are needed. And all of them is recommended to be obtained at the age of 6 and 32 weeks: for example, the first dose – in 2 months, the second and third – in 3 and 4.5 (or 4.5 and 6) months, respectively. The effectiveness of vaccination in a higher and older age has not been proven.

The vaccination is not among the mandatory and does not guarantee 100% protection against rotavirus. However, thanks to her, if the child is still sick, he will postpone the "intestinal flu" is much easier.

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