What is dangerous chronic rhinitis and how to get rid of it
Like any part of the body, the nasal mucosa can be inflamed. This inflammation is called rhinitis. Current snot, laid nose, constant desire to sneeze – with symptoms of ordinary acute rhinitis, better known under the name of the runny nose, are familiar all.
Most often, the reasons are quite obvious. They can be in the nose:
- Viruses or bacteria. Such rhinitis is called infectious. This kind of runny nose is one of the common SMI symptoms.
- Allergens. Such rhinitis is called allergic. It accompanies, for example, seasonal allergies – pollinosis.
"Charm" of these two types of rhinitis is that they are easily treated. As soon as the body gets rid of infection or comes out of contact with malicious pollen, the runny nose stops.
But there is one more kind of Types of rhinitis rhinitis. It is called noncommunicable or non-allergic. Unlike other species, it’s not so easy to get rid of it. First of all because the reasons for the occurrence of this species are not always clear Nonallergic Rhinitis .
But even when doctors manage to deal with reasons, it happens somewhat late. The prolonged inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose of the sharp shape develops into chronic. So the rhinitis occurs, which lasts a week for a week, only sometimes disappearing for a long time, to soon manifest themselves again. Cure him much more difficult than ordinary runny nose.
Why does chronic rhinitis occur
Here are some common reasons that are able to lead to the development of chronic cold.
Endocrine, autoimmune, genetic disorders
Due to failures in the work of the body, the mucous membrane of the nose is thinned. Curious crusts arise, because of which it seems that the nose is constantly laid and "not breathing". Disappears smelling, bleeding from the nose becomes familiar. This kind of chronic runny nose is called atrophic interventions for atrophic rhinitis rhinitis.
Important remark for books: reasons often complement each other, and the types of rhinitis intersect together. For example, atrophic can be a special case of drugs, and hormonal – atrophic. Names are more likely to reference purposes.
Dust, could, Strong smells, chemical irritants in the air
If you regularly breathe air with different stigs – for example, working in a joinery or painting shop, a dusty room and so on, the nasal mucosa is experiencing a permanent load. To cope with the abundance of "garbage" in the air, mucous thickened. So the hypertrophic rhinitis occurs.
Abuse of vasoconducting means
Washer-resistant drops and sprays make it easier under the usual cold. But in the instructions for these drugs, it is written in vain: "Use no longer than 3-5 days". CAN YOU OVERUSE NASAL SPRAY? – The right way to earn medication rhinitis.
Hormonal Changes in the Organization
Hormonal background vibrations associated with sex ripening, pregnancy, using oral contraceptives, disorders in the work of the thyroid gland and other reasons may cause chronic enemy of the nasal mucosa. Such a situation is called hormonal rhinitis.
Reception of some drugs
Chronic runny nose can develop as a side effect of regular use:
- beta blockers (these funds are used, in particular, with hypertension);
- some sedatives;
- means for the treatment of erectile dysfunction;
- Popular painkillers – aspirin-based drugs and ibuprofen.
Too cold air can provoke the development of the so-called cold rhinitis, when the mucous membrane of the nose starts to react too dramatically to any temperature fluctuations.
Chronic runny nose sometimes becomes a side "product" of hypothyroidism or chronic fatigue syndrome.
Some products and alcohol
Hot and acute food, as well as alcohol often cause a nasal mucosa. If you use such products regularly, the edema risks becoming chronic.
Emotional or physical overvoltage also increases the risk of delayed rhinitis.
What is dangerous chronic rhinitis
Not so worried actually protracted runny nose, as those complications that he can cause.
So-called softighting (benign education), which develop on the mucous membrane of the nose or nasal sinuses due to chronic inflammation. Small polyps, as a rule, do not deliver problems. But the major can block the air flow through the nose, making it difficult to breathe and creating a feeling of constant congestion.
Long-term nasal mortgage due to chronic rhinitis increases the risk of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose. The most famous variety of sinusitis is a presequitable painful sinusitis. However, other species – the front, etmoiditis, sphenoid – no better.
Infections of the middle ear
The middle ear is directly related to the nasopharynx through Eustachiev pipe. Therefore, long-term inflammation of the nasal mucosa can lead to the average otitis, which will be repeated again and again.
The long-running nasal congestion is often caused by headaches, inattention, sensation of general ailment. This means that a person suffering from chronic rhinitis is more difficult to concentrate at work or study. And the results of nested labor turn out to be lower than could.
How to treat chronic rhinitis
It depends on how much he worries you. In light cases you can do homemade ways.
- If possible, avoid situations that provoked and can enhance chronic runny nose. More often carry out the room in which you are, and when working in contaminated spaces, use protective masks. Less nervous. Do not abuse vasoconstrictor nasal means. Refuse alcohol. Try not to allow a significant temperature drop.
- Rinse the nose regularly. MAYO CLINIC experts argue Nonallergic Rhinitis that daily washing is one of the most effective ways to combat chronic rhinitis.
- Follow the humidity of the air indoor. Its level should not fall below 40-60%.
- Clear things regularly. It will help to remove excess mucus and stimuli. Just do it carefully and by the rules.
- Drink more fluid. It will make the mucus in the nose less thick, and its layer – more subtle. Rubber and nasal congestion.
In more complex cases, it is necessary to treat chronic rhinitis only with the doctor. The therapist will ask about your lifestyle, clarify, in what situations the runny nose is manifested especially strongly, asked the drugs that you accept will offer to pass tests. According to the results, the specialist will find out the key cause of the tightened rhinitis and will offer you a suitable treatment.