What is dangerous hepatitis in and how they do not get infected
Hepatitis B is the inflammation of the liver caused by one of the hepatitis viruses. Them, viruses, five types: A, B, C, D and E. All of them are different – differ in both the symptoms, and the consequences and methods of treatment.
Hepatitis B is caused by type B virus (HBV – HEPATITIS B Virus). This type of disease occurs in two forms: acute and chronic.
The sharp form of hepatitis in usually passes Hepatitis B for 1-3 months and rarely causes serious health problems. Sometimes a person does not even notice that he was sick. But in some cases, the ailment is delayed for half a year and more and becomes chronic.
According to Hepatitis B statistics, chronic form develops from:
- 90% of infants infected with hepatitis B;
- 20% of older children;
- 5% adults.
What is dangerous hepatitis in
Acute form of the disease can be fatal.
1-2% of infected develops so-called lightning hepatitis B: diagnosis, treatment, hepatitis prophylaxis, which leads to death in 63-93% of cases.
Tightened, chronic inflammation also kills, but somewhat slower. Hepatitis gradually destroys liver cells, and over time it can lead to serious consequences of Hepatitis B, among which:
- Cirrhosis. This state is said when destroyed liver cells are replaced with a scar cloth.
- Liver failure. This state in which the liver no longer copes with its functions. Save man life in this case can only transplantation can.
- Liver cancer.
- Inflammation of other organs. The inflammatory process in the liver can spread through the body and cause, for example, diseases of the kidneys or blood vessels.
In addition, people with a chronic hepatitis form are dangerous to others. They are carriers of hepatitis B infections and can infect others, without even suspecting it.
Where does hepatitis in
HBV virus is transmitted exclusively through biological fluids, such as blood, cum, vaginal selection.
This means that you cannot infect Hepatitis B hepatitis in from someone else’s cough, sneezing or with handshake.
Most often, the transmission of the virus occurs in one of the following methods HEPATITIS B:
- Sexy contact. You can get infected if you are engaged in unprotected sex with a carrier partner. Therefore, hepatitis B belongs to sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
- Sharing needles. HBV easily spreads through syringes and needles contaminated with infected blood.
- Tattoos, Piercing, Manicure. If the blood particles of hepatitis B should be left on poorly sterilized equipment, there is a risk of transmission of the virus to another.
- Sharing toothbrips or shaving accessories.
- Random injections infected needle. Increased risk to infected with hepatitis B have medical examiners working with analyzes, as well as other health workers who are somehow contact with blood and other liquids of their patients.
- From mother to child. Pregnant women infected with HBV can pass the virus a baby during childbirth.
What are the symptoms of hepatitis in
Recognize hepatitis in sometimes difficult. Most people have a disease asymptically hepatitis in .
If the signs still appear, it happens after 2-3 months Hepatitis B after infection. Hepatitis in makes itself felt:
- ailment, similar to influenza: increasing temperature, fragile in the body;
- tightened weakness, fatigue;
- loss of appetite;
- nausea and sometimes emerging vomit;
- urine dark color; ;
- Yellowing skin and eye proteins (jaundice).
But once again we repeat: most often the symptoms do not arise at all – neither in the acute phase of the disease, nor the more in chronic. Man feels good – as long as serious liver problems do not appear.
Therefore, with the slightest suspicions of hepatitis in or even the assumption that you could become infected (for example, you had unprotected sex with a new partner), you need to seek the therapist as soon as possible.
How to treat hepatitis in
It depends on the shape of the disease and the term that has passed since the virus getting into the body.
How to treat if the infection occurred quite recently
Injection of immunoglobulin (antibodies to HBV) will prevent the development of infection, if the probable infection took less than 12 hours of Hepatitis b. But only a doctor can take a decision on the need for an injection.
Injection is assigned only if. If you were not vaccinated from hepatitis in previously.
How to treat acute hepatitis in
Since up to 95% of the diseased recovery independently, the doctors will not fight the virus. In the hospital only will help facilitate the symptoms (if there is) and interrogated so that there are no complications.
How to treat chronic hepatitis in
Most people with chronic form of illness need treatment until the end of life. Therapy is carried out by antiviral drugs or injections of interferon. Medicines reduce liver damage and reduce the risk that you give an infection to other people.
In severe cases, there may be a liver transplant.
How not to infect hepatitis in
The most reliable option – make vaccination. As a rule, Hepatitis B is introduced in the form of three or four injections for 6 months.
In Russia, vaccination of newborns from hepatitis B introduced vaccination against hepatitis B to a national calendar of preventive vaccinations.
Check (or make sure that information about the vaccine has been in the personal medical map) is also to people who enter the risk group HEPATITIS B:
- Children and adolescents, not vaccinated at birth;
- People living in one house with hepatitis B carrier;
- medical professionals, rescuers and representatives of other professions that are regularly in contact with someone else’s blood;
- Those who have any STI, including HIV;
- Men practicing sex with representatives of their sex;
- people who have several sexual partners;
- spouses and sexual partners of hepatitis B carrier;
- people who use drugs;
- Those who have any chronic liver disease;
- people with the terminal stage of the kidney disease;
- travelers who plan to go to the region where hepatitis is distributed in.
Reduce risks can also be other ways.
Be sure to if you plan to have sex with a new sexual partner or are not sure of 100%, that your permanent partner has no hepatitis in.
Avoid random sexual contacts
Especially with several partners.
Do not share personal hygiene objects
Toothbrush, razor accessories, needles (if injecting medicines are prescribed) should only be yours.
Carefully choose a cosmetic or tattoo salon
Be sure to control the tools to which manicure, pedicure, tattoo, piercing, were disposable or as sterilized.