What is dangerous hepatitis with and how to recognize it
Hepatitis C is one of the most insidious diseases. It is not in vain called "affectionate killer": often he does not show himself for years and even decades. And when it makes itself felt, it is too late.
According to Hepatitis C WHO, hepatitis with more than 70 million people around the world. Annually from this infection and related complications are killed to 400 thousand.
What is hepatitis with and what it is dangerous
Hepatitis C is called the inflammation of the liver caused by one of the hepatoinfections – the type with a virus. There are other types, but they are not so cunning like this.
In most cases, the C-virus is transmitted through blood. And infection can occur completely ordinary. For example, when you make manicure, piercing or fashionable tattoo, poorly sterilized after the previous customer tools.
Nothing special after such manipulations occurs. The virus captures the liver almost imperceptibly. Because of this, roughly half of Hepatitis C. Symptoms and Causes people who have a chronic imagination of hepatitis C are not even guessing about it. Meanwhile, the disease progresses.
Hepatitis C is the main cause of liver cancer.
According to Hepatitis C Questions and Answers for the Public of American Centers for the Control and Prevention of Diseases, in people with a chronic form of hepatitis C:
- Claim chronic disorders in the work of the liver, the risk of this is 60-70%;
- There will be cirrhosis of the liver (usually it happens 20-30 years after infection), risk – 10-20%;
- there is liver failure, risk – 3-6%;
- Liver cancer will be discovered, risk – 1-5%.
A little honey to this burda barrel: approximately 15-25% of the diseased cured themselves. Sometimes even not knowing that they were generally infected. Doctors call this phenomenon with spontaneous viral clearance and do not quite understand its reasons.
However, in which group you will get – those who unexpectedly cured, or those who earned cirrhosis, and even that worse, it is impossible to. Therefore, with hepatitis with better not to joke.
How to recognize hepatitis with
The disease has two phases: acute and chronic. The first one begins 1-6 months after infection and lasts from 2 to 12 weeks. And then it makes itself felt the cunning of the virus.
Most Hepatitis C (up to 80% of infected) is the sharp phase passes almost asymptomatic.
More precisely, signs maybe. But they often resemble the usual malaise, which is easy to confuse with a cold or seasonal fatigue.
How to recognize the acute phase of hepatitis with
- Gravity in stomach. Usually on the right side, under the ribs.
- Yellow or lightweight feces.
- Urine of dark color.
- Fast fatigue, fatigue.
- Regular subtraction. Sometimes before vomiting.
- Reduced appetite. Often the reason for this is the feeling of the overflow of the stomach, even after a small portion.
- Muscle pain and joints. As with influenza.
- Temperature increase. Sometimes insignificant, to a subfebrile level.
- Light yellowing of the skin and eye proteins.
Optionally, these symptoms will be shown together. In addition, they can last literally days. If this time coincides with a period of another disease – the same ARVI, signs of hepatitis with will remain unnoticed. Then the acute phase will end and the following – chronic starts.
How to recognize the chronic phase of hepatitis with
It lasts for years and even decades while the liver damage will not be so large-scale that they will clearly show themselves. Identify hepatitis from at this stage even more complicated than on acute. But still, if you are attentive to yourself, it is possible.
In addition to the above symptoms, these features may appear:
- Easily emerging bruises. Blood coagulation factors (so-called substances providing this property) are produced in the liver. If it functions with violations, the consumption is deteriorating.
- Bleeding. The slightest scratches can still be. The reason is the same as above.
- Itching and rash of incomprehensible origin. There may be affected by any part of the body, but the back, chest, shoulders and arms suffer more often.
- Frequent edema on legs.
- Unfortunate, at first glance, weight loss.
- Puchis angioma. So called the clusters of blood vessels that diverging from one point like a cape.
If you have noticed at least two or three of the specified symptom, it is a unambiguous signal – you need to check.
What to do if you suspect hepatitis with
First of all, refer to the therapist. He listens to your complaints and, if you decide that they are motivated, will give direction to a number of studies. Most likely, they will include blood test – the so-called "liver samples" and on antibodies to hepatitis viruses, as well as ultrasound of the abdominal organs.
If your suspicions are confirmed, the therapist will send you to the infectious doctor or hepatologist – specialists who are directly engaged in the treatment of hepatitis.
Good news: hepatitis with healing.
90% of the diseased recovery HEPATITIS C Questions and Answers for the Public after the course of drugs that takes only a few months.
But consider: only a doctor can assign similar therapy. The fact is that the hepatitis C virus has several genotypes, each of which requires an individual selection of medicines.
And one more important point: you have to have time to start treatment before liver damage will become irreversible.
Who needs to be checked on hepatitis with
You are in a higher risk group if:
- We work in a medical institution in direct contact with someone else’s blood and needles;
- You have a variety of sex life – change partners, enjoy the Hepatitis C Information for MSM fisting (and at the same time your partner has damage to the cuticle – leather around the nails) or prefer unprotected Sexual Contact anal sex;
- You have a piercing or tattoos, and you do not know exactly whether the tools of the master were sterile or disposable;
- Doing a manicure or pedicure in salons with dubious hygiene;
- You had blood transfusion;
- You are on dialysis (it is possible to infect equipment that was not necessary for the desired way or, being disposable, was reused);
- have a spouse or sexual partner with hepatitis C;
- born in a mother having hepatitis C;
- born from 1945 to 1965 – this generation has the greatest frequency of diseases by this type of hepatitis (at least according to US statistics);
- sat in prison;
- Use drugs with needles or sniff cocaine and share with other means to inhalation.
If you have learned yourself in one of the items of this list, be sure to check the hepatitis check with at least once. Doctors, patients on dialysis, pierrsing lovers, tattoo and manicure this procedure is desirable to repeat at least once a year. However, not only them: the doctor recommends the frequency of checks, based on your habits, professions and lifestyle.
How not to infect hepatitis with
The main way of transferring hepatitis C – with the blood of the infected person. Sometimes the virus can fall into the body with sexual contacts, as well as from the mother to the child, but such cases are less common.
Hepatitis C is not transmitted:
- through food, water, breast milk;
- through social contacts, hugs, kisses, the use of common utensils; and other insects.
To reduce the risk of infection, it is important to avoid contact with someone else’s blood:
- Be careful if you work with syringes and biomaterials of other people. Use medical gloves.
- Try not to get scratches in public places. For example, it is dangerous to damage the skin about the handrail in public transport – after all, before you, I could scratch my hepatitis with a person.
- Use condoms and lubricants, in every possible way to avoid contact with blood during sex.
- Do not share with others toothbrush, razor or nail clippers.
- If you do manicures, tattoos, body piercing, be sure to check up to the master tool using a disposable or thoroughly sterilized reusable.
- Do not experiment with drugs.
And I repeat: Hepatitis C – a curable disease. But it is better not to bring it up. Be careful and cautious.